Bongaon is located at 23.040 E. it has an average elevation of 7 metres (22feet). It is the last station on the Sealdah-Bongaon Section of Easter Railway, 77km from Sealdah station. It is part of the Kolkata suburban Railway System. The Sealdah - Bongaon railway was built between 1882 and 1884. strong>Geo-political significance :Bongaon has border with Bongladesh. In Bongaon, it is called petrapole and in the Bangladesh side it is called Benapol. It is the most favoured road check post. The Indian Railway has started a weekly goods rail transport of 35 wagons, Sonar Bangla, from Bongaon. It was started by the then Railway Minister Mamata Banerjee under the NDA Government. The route was established in 1884 and the Barisal Express operated passenger services till 1947. after the partition, a mixed service (Passenger and goods) continuied till the Indo-Pakistan was of 1965. With the creation of Bangladesh, the goods train service was reintroduced for two years from 1972 but again closed for lack of goods. India and Bangladesh signed an agreement to re-establish the train link.
Climate : Rainfall - 1,579 mm (normal) Temperature - Max 410 C in may and Min 100C in january. Relative Humidity - Between 50% in March & 90% in July. Soil Status - Varies from sandy to clay loam Ratio of Land - High : Medium : Low = 17 : 44 : 39 Education : There are many schools in Bongaon Municipality though Bongaon High School